An EGG-cellent Genetics Game

Posted by on March 13, 2016

No yoke!


Punnett Squares are a relatively easy way to study certain inherited traits.  This activity uses Punnett Squares to determine chicken plumage (feather) colors in certain populations.


For a downloadable Instructor Sheet, Student Instruction Sheet, and Worksheets, click here: PDF of this project


Chicken Plumage Genetics Game


  • This material has been oversimplified! For a more thorough discussion on chicken genetics, check out this site.
  • It was modified from a Grade 6-12 project but I felt the game would benefit from real-world examples. Blue, for example, is a “real” chicken color.  In this project, brown would be more precisely called dun, orange is champagne, and yellow is blonde. The color changes were made as most children aren’t going to be familiar with common poultry plumage colors. 
  • As for age-appropriateness –  my 6-year-old found it far more interesting than did my 13-year-old!



1. 2 sets of 6 different colors plastic eggs (per 12 eggs). Suggested colors are given below. image


2. Student Key to put inside eggs: Corresponding colors of candy, buttons, centimeter cubes, or any colored manipulative that will fit, or a slip of sturdy paper with the 4 offspring color marked. If you use candy, you will have to restock each egg, if you use manipulatives or a paper key, you can use it from class to class and year to year.

I used a half-popsicle stick for my key. Egg #6 shows a chick with a blue sire and brown dam. It has a 50% chance of having blue plumage, and a 50% chance of having brown plumage:



You might also notice I numbered everything to reduce future prep time.


3. Worksheet copy for each child.  For younger children, color in the phenotype boxes to make this less frustrating.

PDF here: PDF of this project


Instructor Preparation:

1. Introduce age-appropriate concepts of recessive/dominant traits, genotypes/phenotypes, and Punnett squares.

2. The egg shells represent the plumage color contributed by the parents – half the egg represents the Sire (father/rooster), half the egg represents the Dam (mother/hen). Use the genotype/phenotype chart to match plumage color to phenotype.

Simplified Sire/Dam and Offspring Chicken Plumage Genetics:








Black Feathers

1/2 black egg


Red Feathers

1/2 red egg


Blue Feathers

1/2 blue egg


Orange (champagne) Feathers

1/2 orange egg


Brown (dun) Feathers

1/2 brown egg


Yellow (blonde) Feathers

1/2 yellow egg


3. Inside each egg, place the 4 corresponding colored pieces to show offspring. You can use candy, small manipulatives, or include an answer key (color dots on sturdy paper). Set them up as follows:







black x black


4 black

red x red


4 red

black x brown

BB x bb

4 blue

red x yellow

RR x rr

4 orange

brown x brown

bb x bb

4 brown

yellow x yellow

rr x rr

4 yellow

blue x blue

Bb x Bb



1 brown

orange x orange

Rr x Rr

1 red

2 orange

1 yellow

blue x black

Bb x BB

2 blue


orange x red

Rr x RR

2 red

2 orange

blue x brown

Bb x bb

2 blue

2 brown

orange x yellow

Rr x rr

2 orange

2 yellow


4. Demonstrate 1-2 (or more, if necessary) Punnett Squares with the children, then let them do the rest alone or in groups. When they finish each egg, have them open the eggs and check their answers!



This activity can be used to reinforce percentages, as well (ex: 25% of the chicks will have red feathers, 50% will have orange feathers, and 25% will have yellow feathers).

Student Instructions:

Plastic Egg/Chicken Plumage Genetics Game





Black Feathers



Red Feathers


Blue Feathers



Orange Feathers


Brown (khaki) Feathers



Yellow Feathers



1. Choose one egg, but do not open it yet.

2. One half of the egg represents the plumage (feather) color of the dam (mother/hen).

The other half of the egg represents the plumage (feather) color of the sire (father/rooster).

3. Record the plumage color phenotype and genotype of your egg in the chart.

4. Place the genotype of your egg into the Punnett Square.

5. Determine the possible genotypes and phenotypes of the offspring.

6. When you are finished – open your egg! Do your answers match?
a. If yes, put the egg back together, and choose another.

b. If no, check your work, and make corrections

Example of how to fill in Punnett Squares:image


Punnett Squares (blank):


6 Responses to An EGG-cellent Genetics Game

  1. white kitchen basin

    Nice collection of articles, good work


    The green piggies’ genetic egg-speriment to create a supreme warrior being has gone horribly wrong. Their abominable creation, Fringy – a.k.a. The Harbinger of Doom, has accidentally turned against them! She may look cute and cuddly, but she’s egg-stremely dangerous, as she’s able to unleash fury and godlike damage against her opponents. In response to Fringy, the green piggies have unleashed their chocolate piggies which players can collect. Get ready to be shell-shocked for this egg-splosive episode this coming Easter!    

  3. Trevor Vanson

    Awesome stuff Sean Payton

  4. Dabthia

    I did not know this was grammer class or else I would have called you for all the lowercase letters that should have been capitalized!

  5. daniel

    Sorry bruh had to happen DABBB

  6. daniel

    DAMMMMM DANIELLLLL back at it again with the eggs

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